Цілі: перевірити рівень умінь учнів з аудіювання.
Listen to the texts and do the tasks.
Machu Picchu is a place of magic and mystery and really a wonder of the world. It is an Inca city high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. The Spanish conquistadors destroyed other Inca cities, but never found Machu Picchu. It was only discovered in 1911. Machu Picchu was built more than 500 years ago. It is said that the Inca ruler Pachacuti covered the buildings in the city with gold. About 750 people lived there and used the city for astrological and religious ceremonies.
The most important buildings in the city are the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.
Answer the questions.
1. What is Machu Picchu?
2. Where is it situated?
3. Why didn’t the Spanish conquistadors destroy it?
4. When did people discover it?
5. When did the Incas build Machu Picchu?
6. How did the Incas use it?
7. Why did people want to find it?
Key: 1 an Inca city; 2 in Peru; 3 They haven’t found it; 4 in 1911; 5 for astrological and religious ceremonies; 6 because the houses were covered with gold there.
In 1999 Canada’s Inuit were given their own territory called Nunavut. It’s huge but extremely cold. The Inuit have lived in this frozen region of tundra, icy lakes and Arctic islands for thousands of years. In winter, it’s dark 24 hours a day, and the temperature can drop to -50 °C. In summer, it’s light 24 hours a day!
The Inuit used to be called “Eskimos”, which means “eaters of raw meat”, but they prefer “Inuit” because it means “the people”.
It’s hard to believe but 50 years ago the Inuit were nomads. They depended on hunting and fishing and moved from place to place as hunting seasons changed. Today they live in houses and work in offices and factories. Young people wear western clothes, eat fast food and listen to rock music.
Some Inuit, however, continue to live as hunters and fishermen. They wear their traditional clothes and eat their traditional foods like seal, caribou and polar bear and still make igloos when they go hunting.
– nomad – кочівник
– caribou – карибу (північний канадський олень)
– depend on – залежати
– seal – тюлень
– raw – сирий
Answer the questions.
1. Where do the Inuit live?
2. What is the climate like there?
3. What is the other word for “Inuit”?
4. What did they do 50 years ago?
5. What is their life like today?
6. How do some Inuit keep traditions?
Key: 1 in Canada; 2 very cold; 3 Eskimos; 4 they moved from place to place for hunting; 5 they have houses and jobs; 6 they wear traditional clothes and eat traditional food.