UNIT 7. THE WORLD OF PAINTING
Цілі: вдосконалювати лексичні навички й навички читання, аудіювання й говоріння; розвивати логічне мислення; виховувати інтерес і повагу до світових цінностей мистецтва.
1) Have you ever gone to an exhibition?
2) Do you know any art galleries? Are there any in the place where you live?
3) Are you interested in art?
4) In your opinion, is art an important part of culture?
2. Grammar practice
Do ex. 1, 2, p. 123.
Do ex. 3, p. 123.
Key: 1 outstanding; 2 created; 3 painted; 4 observation; 5 portraitist; 6 representatives; 7 well-known; 8 masters; 9 impressionists; 10 countryside; 11 contain; 12 landscape; 13 sitter; 14 painting.
4, p. 124.
Sir Joshua Reynolds
– was born in Devonshire in 1723.
– a portrait painter
– the most prominent figure in the English school of painting
– one of the founders and first President of the Royal Academy
– promoted the “Grand Style” in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect
– died in 1792 and buried, St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, England
Sir Thomas Lawrence
– was born in Bristol in 1769
– English painter
– in 1794 he was a Royal Academician, and he became the fashionable portrait painter of the age
– had all the qualities of personal manner and among English portrait painters he takes a high place
president of the Academy from 1820 to his death
– died in 1830 in London
– was born in Suffolk in 1727.
– one of the great masters of 18th-century portraiture and landscape painting.
– painted fancy pictures of scenes of the rural poor
– in 1768 Gainsborough became one of the founders of the Royal Academy
– after 1784 Gainsborough refused to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and instead, created his own showings at his London house in Pall Mall.
– produced about 200 landscapes and about 800 portraits of the English aristocracy.
– died in 1788 and buried, St. Anne Churchyard, Kew, London, England
– an English landscape painter
– was born in Suffolk in 1776
– in 1799 was send to the Royal Academy in London to study art.
– loved the countryside, and his best work was of outdoor scenes in his native Suffolk and his London home in Hampstead
– found the success in France where his 1821 master work The Haywain was exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1824.
– died in 1837 and buried, St. John-at-Hampstead Churchyard, London, England
Listen to a piece of information and answer the questions.
1) What English painters is this article about?
2) What trend were they representatives?
3) When did they live?
4) Who travelled a lot?
5) Who never left his native country?
6) What was the difference in their techniques?
The landscape painters Turner and Constable were influential exponents of romanticism, an artistic movement of the late 1700s to mid-1800s that emphasized an emotional response to nature. Turner, who traveled extensively, often infused his dramatic seascapes and landscapes with literary or historical allusions. Constable, who never left England, preferred more straight forward depictions of placid rural scenery.
Working in the studio from sketches and his imagination, Turner blended his oil paints in fluid layers of translucent color, called glazes. Constable, sometimes painting directly outdoors, applied flickering touches of thick, opaque oils. Despite their differences in temperament and technique, Turner and Constable evoke the same worship of nature that imbues the literature of their contemporaries, the romantic poets Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, and Keats.
1) Do you think anyone can be an artist or do you need a special talent?
2) How would the world be different without artists?
Do ex. 5, p. 125.