UNIT 1 WE THE YOUNG GENERATION
1. A new business;
2. Opening up;
5. Putting up, making, getting;
4. Making a fire;
8. Look after;
Hobby is a person’s favorite occupation. People usually choose hobbies according to their interests. They collect stumps, toys, coins, curs, looks.
When I was a child of ten I collected dresses for my Barby. It was so Interesting to draw them. My Mother helped me to sew them at first. Then I started to make them myself. At school I had a lot of girl-friends who admired my collection. Some of them liked my ideas and soon we decided to organise the club of new fashion for Barbies.
My hobby was both interesting and useful. I asked any parent” to take me to the course of “owing. There I was taught how to cut out a pattern, how to join the details. At first it was so difficult but I did my beat. My doll and then I had original and nice dresses. Now all Barby’s clothes are in the box waiting for other children.
My hobby influenced the choice of my future career. I am going to enter the Academy of Art and Design. Having an interesting profession as well as an Interesting hobby will mate my life twice more Interesting.
1. Would you mind coming back Inter?
2. Would you mind sitting in the second row?
3. Would you mind opening the window?
4. Would you mind dosing the door?
5. Would you mind giving
this message to Mr. Brown?
6. Would you mind giving this book to Alison?
7. Would you mind explaining it again?
8. Would you mind holding my bag?
9. Would you mind reading your question again?
10. Would you mind writing what you said on the board?
11. Would you mind sitting in the next row?
12. Would you mind learning the vocabulary on page 5?
13. Would you mind completing exercise 6 on page 23?
14. Would you mind going and sitting next to George?
1. I remember having shown the letter.
2. I remember having given her the magazine.
3. He is sorry having been so rude.
4. We are sure of having seen this play.
5. I remember having asked me about it.
1950s and 1960s
Italian-style and leather
1960s and 1970s
The same clothes
Violent lyrics, rap, hip-hop
1. Youth culture;
Music can lie divided into genres in many different ways. These classifications are often arbitrary and controversial, and closely related styles often overlap. Many do not believe that generic classification of musical styles is possible in any logically consistent way, and also argue that doing so sets limitations and boundaries that, hinder the development of music. While no one doubts that it is possible to note similarities between musical pieces there are often exceptions and caveats associated. Labeling music with genres often do not reflect a specific culture, race, or time period. Larger genres consist of more specific subgenres.
During the 1980s and 1990″, superstars like Prince, Michael Jackson, and Janet Jackson created a new style by borrowing from funk and other dance styles. Rap was the most significant development in popular music during this time period. The roots of rap lie in African and African American verbal games. The first rap recording was “Rapper’s Delight” by Sugarhill Gang in 1979, and it became a novelty hit almost Immediately. It wasn’t until 1986, however, when Run-DMC re recorded “Walk this Way” (a popular Aerosmith song) that rap gained popularity among white audiences.
The category of Rock music describe” a group of related music styles that have dominated popular music in the Western Hemisphere since the 1950s. Rock music began in the United States but has been distinctly shaped by many other styles ranging anywhere from gospel to classical music. Rock’n’roll became the first style of music to attempt to appeal directly to young people. It developed through nixing African American rhythm and blues with American country music.
Rock V roll was truly made a world-wide obsession by Elvis Presley. loiter, groups like the Beatles and the Rolling Stones added their own distinctive touches to rock’n’roll. “Soul” also developed during this period through artists such as Aretha Franklin. She created a blend of R&B and gospel music to create the new style. In the late 1970s a new version of rock’n’roll, labeled “punk rock” developed. During the next two decades, superstars emerged, like Michael Jackson and Madonna, who began filling huge stadiums for concerts.
The central and linking instrument of most kinds of rock music is the electric guitar. Charlie Christian was the first person to perform using the amplified guitar as a solo instrument, but many musicians since him, such as Aaron Thibeaux Walker, Los Paul, Chuck Berry, Jimi Hendrix, and Carlos Santana have featured and experimented with the instrument. Other instruments that are common in rock music arc the electric bass guitar, various keyboard instruments (including the electric piano, organ, and synthesizer), and the drum set.
Rock music styles also share complex technical similarities. These styles are based on tonic, subdominant, and dominant chords and the twelve bar blues chord progression. Most rock music is performed at high volume levels, so it has also been closely tied to developments in electronic technology.
1. The globe;
2. To enable;
3. A Message;
4. An appeal;
7. An existence.
3. Raining, going;
4. Smoking, eating;
5. Coming, standing, waiting;
6. Eating, peeling;
7. Seeing, hearing.
1. She has just finished reading the article about the natural resources of Ukraine.
2. My father intends spending his holidays in the Crimea.
3. My sister began working in this beautiful Ukrainian city 5 years ago. ‘
4. I have just begun translating the text into Ukrainian.
5. We preferred going to Kyiv by plane.
1. D; 2. C; 3. E; 4. A; 5. B.
Some days ago, I returned from Great Britain. It was my dream to visit its cities and especially its capital. My grade told me a lot of interesting things about its history and showed me all sightseeing’s. I’d like to tell you what I knew.
The history of Gordon. GB’s capital and chief tourist attraction, goes back nearly 2, 000 years to A. D. 43, when the Romans founded a trading port, called Londinium, on the river Thames. Today, the area where Roman London stood is still known as the City of London. This area, often called “the City”, and the 32 boroughs (local units of government) around it make up Greater London.
The City of London’s financial district and consists largely of modern bank and office buildings. But It also contains such historic buildings as St. Paul’s Cathedral. built by the great English architect Sir Christopher Wren between 1675 and 1710.
Central London contains the busiest and best-known parts of London. The Tower of London, once a royal prison, is now a museum where Britain’s crown jewels are on display. In Westminster, the center of Britain’s government, are the Houses of Parliament, Westminster Abbey, and Buckingham Palace. The city’s main shopping and entertainment districts lie nearby.
London has many professional theaters and four world-known symphony orchestras. Numerous art galleries and museums arc found in the city, and the South Bank section of central London Is the site of a large, modern cultural center.
London is also rich in traditional ceremonies. Every’ morning, the famous changing-of-the-guard ceremony takes place in Buckingham Palace’s courtyard. Trooping the Colour is a traditional part of the queen’s official birthday celebration in June. The Lord Mayor’s Show, on the second Saturday in November, celebrates the election of a new lord mayor of London. Like most other large cities today, it has such problems as poverty, crime and drug addiction, especially in the poorer districts. Its economy is based on service industries and manufacturing.